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Publications

You can also download Brainard's CV in PDF Format or visit Brainard's Google Scholar Page.

Journal Papers, Chapters, Proceedings Papers, Commentaries

134. OʼSullivan R, Tom L. M., Bunya V. Y., Nyberg W. C., Massaro-Giordano M., Daniel E., Smith E., Brainard D. H., Gee J., Maguire M. G., Stone R. A. (2017).  Use of crossed polarizers to enhance images of the eyelids. Cornea, 36(5), 631-635, doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000001157. Download PDF.

133. Lindsey, D. T., Brown, A. M., Brainard D. H., Apicella, C. L. (2016). Hadza color terms are sparse, diverse, and distributed, and presage the universal color categories found in other world languages. i-Perception 7(6), doi:10.1177/2041669516681807, http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2041669516681807. This is a response to a published comment on 124.

132. Jiang, H., Cottaris, N., Golden, J., Brainard, D., Farrell, J. E., Wandell, B. A. (2017).  Simulating retinal encoding: factors influencing Vernier acuity.  Proceedings of Electronic Imaging 2017, Burlingame, CA. Download PDF.  Also available on BioRxive: http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2017/02/17/109405.

131. Chen, M., Cooper, R. F., Han, G. K., Gee, J., Brainard, D. H., Morgan J. W. I. (2016). Multi-modal automatic montaging of adaptive optics images.  Biomedical Optics Express, 7(2), 4899-4918. Download PDF.

130. Radonjić A., Pearce, B. Aston, S., Krieger, A., Dubin, H., Cottaris, N. P., Brainard, D. H. & Hurlbert, A. C. (2016).  Illumination discrimination in real and simulated scenes. Journal of Vision, 16(11):2, http://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2549963, doi:10.1167/16.1.2.

129. Spitschan, M., Aguirre, G. K., Brainard, D. H. & Sweeney, A. M. (2016).  Variation of outdoor illumination as a function of solar elevation and light pollution.  Scientific Reports, 6.26756, 1-13, doi: 10.1038/srep26756. http://www.nature.com/articles/srep26756.

128. Spitschan, M., Datta, R., Stern, A. M., Brainard, D. H., Aguirre, G. K. (2016).  Human visual cortex responses to rapid cone and melanopsin-directed flicker.  Journal of Neuroscience, 36, pp. 1471-1482.  Download PDF.

127. Radonjić A. & Brainard D. H. (2016). The nature of instructional effects in color constancy. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42(6), 847–865, http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/xhp/42/6/847/.  Download PDF.

126. Stockman, A. & Brainard, D. H. (2015). Fundamentals of color vision I: color processing in the eye.  In Handbook of Color Psychology, Elliot, A. J., Fairchild, M. D. & Franklin, A. (eds.).  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 27-69.  Download PDF.

125. Brainard, D. H. (2015).  Color and the cone mosaic.  Annual Review of Vision Science, 1:519–546, doi: 10.1146/annurev-vision-082114-035341. Download PDF.

124. Lindsey, D. T., Brown, A. M., Brainard D. H. & Apicella, C. A. (2015). Hunter-gatherer color naming provides new insight into the evolution of color terms.  Current Biology, 25, 2441-2446, doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.08.006.  Download PDF.  Press coverage: Science World Report, Medical Daily, Phys.org. See also 133.

123. Radonjić A., Cottaris N. P., & Brainard D. H. (2015). Color constancy in a naturalistic, goal directed task.  Journal of Vision, 15(13):3, http://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2436912, doi:10.1167/15.13.3.

122. Brainard, D. H. & Hurlbert, A. C. (2015).  Colour vision: understanding #TheDress.  Current Biology, 25, R549–R568, doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2015.05.020.  [Dispatch.] Download PDF.

121. Persichetti A. S., Thompson-Schill S. L., Butt O. H., Brainard D. H. & Aguirre G. K.  (2015). Functional magnetic resonance imaging adaptation reveals a noncategorical representation of hue in early visual cortex. Journal of Vision. 15(6):18, http://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2299548, doi: 10.1167/15.6.18.

120. Radonjic A., Cottaris N. P. & Brainard D. H. (2015) Color constancy supports cross-illumination color selection.  Journal of Vision, 15(6):13, http://jov.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2294706,  doi: 10.1167/15.6.13.

119. Spitschan, M., Aguirre, G. K. & Brainard, D. H. (2015). Selective stimulation of penumbral cones reveals perception in the shadow of retinal blood vessels.  PLoS ONE, 10(4): e0124328. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124328. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0124328.

118. Spitschan, M., Jain, S., Brainard, D. H. & Aguirre, G. K. (2014).  Opponent melanopsin and S-cone signals in the human pupillary light response. PNAS, 111(43):15568-72. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1400942111. Epub 2014 Oct 13. http://www.pnas.org/content/111/43/15568.longPress release.  Coverage on newsworks.org.

117. Benson, N. C, Manning, J. R. & Brainard, D. H. (2014).  Unsupervised learning of cone spectral classes from natural images.  PLoS Computational Biology, 10(6): e1003652, http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1003652#abstract0, doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003652.  This work is mentioned in this article on the evolution of color vision, in The Scientist.

116. Farrell, J. E., Jiang, H., Winawer, J., Brainard D. H., & Wandell, B. A. (2014).  Modeling visible differences: the computational observer model.  Proceedings of the 2014 Society for Information Display (SID) International Symposium. [Selected as a Distinguished Paper of the Symposium.] Download PDF.

115. Benson, N. C. Butt, O. H., Brainard, D. H.  & Aguirre, G. K.  (2014).  Correction of distortion in flattened representations of the cortical surface allows prediction of v1-v3 functional organization from anatomy. PLoS Computational Biology,10(3):e1003538, http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1003538, doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003538.

114. Heasly, B. S., Cottaris, N. P., Lichtman, D. P., Xiao, X., & Brainard, D. H. (2014). RenderToolbox3: MATLAB tools that facilitate physically based stimulus rendering for vision research. Journal of Vision, 14(2:6), http://www.journalofvision.org/content/14/2/6, doi: 10.1167/14.2.6. Access software.

113. Lee, T. Y. & Brainard, D. H. (2014). The effect of photometric and geometric context on photometric and geometric lightness effects. Journal of Vision, 14(1:24), http://www.journalofvision.org/content/14/1/24, doi: 10.1167/14.1.24. Supplemental material.

112. Madigan, S. C. & Brainard, D. H (2014). Scaling measurements of the effect of surface slant on perceived lightness. i-Perception, 5(1), 53-72. http://i-perception.perceptionweb.com/journal/I/article/i0608, doi:10.1068/i0608. Supplemental material.

111. Brainard, D. H. & Radonjić, A. (2014). Color constancy. In The New Visual Neurosciences, Werner J. S. & Chalupa, L. M. (eds.), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 545-556. Download PDF.

110.  Kanematsu, E. & Brainard, D. H. (2014). No measured effect of a familiar object on color constancy. Color Research and Application, 39, 347-359.  [Epub ahead of print, doi:10.1002/col.21805, March 3, 2013.] Download PDF.

109. Zheng, Y., Daniel, E., Hunter, A. A. III, Xiao, R., Gao, J., Li, H., Maguire, M. G., Brainard, D. H., & Gee, J. G. (2013). Landmark matching based retinal image alignment by enforcing sparsity in correspondence matrix. Medical Image Analysis. Published online 26 October 2013. Download PDF.

108. Bunya, V. Y., Brainard, D. H., Daniel, E., Massaro-Giordano, M., Nyberg W., Windsor, B. A., Pearson, D. J., Huang, J., Maguire, M. G., & Stone, R. A. (2013). Assessment of signs of anterior blepharitis using standardized color photographs. Cornea, 32, pp. 1475-1482. Download PDF.

107.  Allred, S. R. & Brainard, D. H. (2013). A Bayesian model of lightness perception that incorporates spatial variation in the illumination. Journal of Vision, 13(7:18), http://journalofvision.org/13/7/18, doi:10.1167:/13.7.18.

106. Zheng, Y., Vanderbeek, B., Daniel, E., Stambolian, D., Maguire, D., Brainard, D., & Gee, J. (2013). An automated drusen detection system for classifying Age-Related Macular Degeneration with color fundus photographs. Proceedings of the 2013 International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, San Francisco, CA, April 7-11, 2013. Download PDF. Erratum.

105. Benson, N. C., Butt, O. H., R. Datta, P. D. Radoeva, D. H. Brainard, G. K. Aguirre (2012). “The retinotopic organization of striate cortex is well predicted by surface topology. Current Biology 22(21). 2081-2085, doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.09.014. Download PDF. Download supplemental PDF. Download Mathematca Notebook. Additonal supplemental material. [Commentary on this paper appears in Schira et al. (2012). Brain mapping: The (un)folding of striate cortex. Current Biology, 22(24), R1051-R1053. Download commentary PDF.]

104. Xiao, B., Hurst, B., MacIntyre, L., & Brainard, D. H. (2012). The color constancy of three-dimensional objects. Journal of Vision, 12(4:6). http://journalofvision.org/12/4/6, doi:10.1167/12.4.6. Supplemental material.

103. Allred, S. R., Radonjić, A., Gilchrist, A. L., & Brainard, D. H. (2012). Lightness perception in high dynamic range images: Local and and remote luminance effects. Journal of Vision, 11(2:7), http://www.journalofvision.org/content/12/2/7, doi:10.1167/12.2.7. Supplemental material.

102. Olkkonen, M. & Brainard, D. H. (2011). Joint effects of illumination geometry and object shape in the perception of surface reflectance. i-Perception 2(9), 1014-1034, http://i-perception.perceptionweb.com/journal/I/volume/2/article/i0480, doi:10.1068/i0480. Supplemental material.

101. Radonjić, A., Allred, S. R., Gilchrist, A. L., & Brainard, D. H. (2011). The dynamic range of human lightness perception. Current Biology, 21(22), 1931-1936, doi:10.1016/cub.2011.10.013. Download PDF. Download supplemental PDF. Additional supplemental material. Video abstract. [Commentary on this paper appears in Graham, D. J. (2011). Visual perception: Lightness in a high-dyanamic range world. Current Biology, 21(22), R914-R916. Download commentary PDF.]

100. Lee, T. Y. & Brainard, D. H. (2011). Detection of changes in luminance distributions. Journal of Vision, 10(13:14), http://journalofvision.org/content/10/13/14, doi:10.1167/11.13:14. Supplemental material.

99. Tkačik G., Garrigan P., Ratliff C., Milčinski G., Klein J. M., Seyfarth, L. H., Sterling, P., Brainard, D. H., & Balasubramanian, V. (2011). Natural images from the birthplace of the human eye. PLoS ONE 6(6):e20409. http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0020409, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020409.

98. Brainard, D. H. & Maloney, L. T. (2011). Surface color perception and equivalent illumination models. Journal of Vision, 11(5:1), http://www.journalofvision.org/content/11/5/1, doi: 10.1167/11.5.1.

97. Maloney, L. T. & Brainard, D. H. (2010). Color and material perception: Achievements and challenges. Journal of Vision, 10(9:19), http://www.journalofvision.org/content/10/9/19, doi:10.1167/10.9.19. [Feature issue overview.]

96. Demb, J. B. & Brainard, D. H. (2010). Neurons show their true colors. Nature, 477, 670-671. [News and Views.] Download PDF.

95. Olkkonen, M. & Brainard, D. H. (2010). Perceived glossiness and lightness under real-world illumination. Journal of Vision, 10(9:5), http://www.journalofvision.org/content/10/9/5, doi 10.1167/10.9.5.

94. Maloney, L. T. & Brainard, D. H. (2010). Perception of color and material in complex scenes. Journal of Vision, 10(9:i), http://www.journalofvision.org/content/10/9/i, doi:10.1167/10.9.i. [Feature issue introduction.]

93. Garrigan, Pl, Ratliff, C. P., Klein, J. M., Sterling, P., Brainard, D. H., & Balasubramanian, V. (2010). Design of a trichromatic cone array. PLoS Comput Biol. 6(2): e1000677, http://www.ploscompbiol.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pcbi.1000677, doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000677.  Erratum: This paper used an early version of the underlying image database, which contained some errors of camera calibration that affected estimates of overall image light level and of the chromatic aberration of the camera. These errors were corrected when the database was published by Tkačik et al. (2011, publication 99 above) and are unlikely to affect the conclusions drawn in this paper because thee results are robust to overall light level and because the effect of the optics of the camera is small compared with the effect of the human optics incorporated into the calculations.

92. Stockman, A. & Brainard, D. H. (2010). Color vision mechanisms. In the OSA Handbook of Optics (3rd edition, M. Bass, ed). McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 11.1-11.104. Download PDF.

91. Brainard, D. H. & Stockman, A. (2010). Colorimetry. In the OSA Handbook of Optics (3rd edition, M. Bass, ed). McGraw-Hill, New York, pp. 10.1-10.56. [This is an updated and expanded version of publication 26 below.] Download PDF.

90. Brainard, D. H. (2009). Color constancy. In the Sage Encyclopedia of Perception (B. Goldstein, ed.), SAGE Publications, Los Angeles, pp. 253-257. Download PDF.

89. Brainard, D. H. (2009). Bayesian approaches to color vision. In The Cognitive Neurosciences, Fourth Edition (M. S. Gazzaniga, ed.). MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 395-408. Download PDF.

88. Allred, S. R. & Brainard, D. H. (2009). Contrast, constancy, and measurements of perceived lightness under parametric manipulation of surface slant and surface reflectance. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 26, 949-961. Download PDF.

87. Yin, L., Smith, R. G., Sterling, P., & Brainard, D. H. (2009). Physiology and morphology of color-opponent ganglion cells in a retina expressing a dual gradient of S and M opsins. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 2706-2724. Download PDF.

86. Manning, J. R. & Brainard, D. H. (2009). Optimal design of photoreceptor mosaics: Why we do not see color at night. Visual Neuroscience, 26, 5-19. Download PDF.

85. Xiao, B. & Brainard, D. H. (2008). Surface gloss and color perception of 3D objects. Visual Neuroscience, 25, 371-385. doi:10.10170/S0952523808080267. Download PDF. Supplemental Material.

84. Brainard, D. H., Williams, D. R., & Hofer, H. (2008). Trichromatic reconstruction from the interleaved cone mosaic: Bayesian model and the color appearance of small spots. Journal of Vision, 8(5):15, 1-23, http://journalofvision.org/8/5/15/, doi:10.1167/8.5.15.

83. Radoeva, P. D., Prasad, S., Brainard, D. H., and Agurre, G. K. (2008). Neural activity in V1 reflects unconcious visual performance in a case of blindsight. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 1927-1939. doi:10.1162/jocn.2008.2013. Download PDF.

82. Hillis, J. M. and Brainard D. H. (2007). Distinct mechanisms mediate visual detection and identification. Current Biology, 17, 1714-1719, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.09.012. Download PDF. Download Supplemental PDF. Additional supplemental material.

81. Abrams, A. B., Hillis, J. M., and Brainard, D. H. (2007). The relation between color discrimination and color constancy: when is optimal adaptation task dependent? Neural Computation, 19, 2610-2637. Download PDF.

80. Hillis, J. M. and Brainard, D. H. (2007). Do common mechanisms of adaptation mediate color discrimination and appearance? Contrast adaptation.  Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 24, 2122-2133. Download PDF. Supplemental Material.

79. Aguirre, G. K., Komaromy, A. M., Cideciyan, A. V., Brainard, D. H., Aleman, T. S., Roman, A. J., Avants, B. B., Gee, J. C., Korczykowski, M., Hauswirth, W. W., Acland, G. M., Aguirre, G. D., and Jacobson, S. G. (2007). Canine and human visual cortex intact and responsive despite early retinal blindness from RPE65 mutation. PLOS Medicine, 4, 1117-1128, doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0040186. http://medicine.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371%2Fjournal.pmed.0040230.

78. Yin, L., Smith, R. G., Sterling, P. and Brainard, D. H. (2006). Chromatic properties of horizontal and ganglion cell responses follow a dual gradient in cone opsin expression. Journal of Neuroscience, 26, 12351-12361, doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1071-06.2006. Download PDF.

77. Brainard, D. H., Longere, P., Delahunt, P. B., Freeman, W. T., Kraft, J. M., and Xiao, B. (2006). Bayesian model of human color constancy. Journal of Vision, 6, 1267-1281, http://journalofvision.org/6/11/10/, doi:10.1167/6.11.10.

76. Xiao, B. and Brainard D. H. (2006). Color perception of 3D objects: constancy with respect to variation of surface gloss. Proceedings of ACM Symposium on Applied Perception in Graphics and Visualization (APGV06), July 28-29, 2006, Boston, MA, 63-68. See publication 85 for archival version. Download PDF.

75. Hillis, J. M. and Brainard, D. H. (2005). Do common mechanisms of adaptation mediate color discrimination and appearance? Uniform backgrounds.  Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 22, 2090-2106. Download PDF. Supplemental Material.

74. Delahunt, P. B., Zhang, X., and Brainard, D. H. (2005). Perceptual image quality: effects of tone characteristics. Journal of Electronic Imaging, 14, 023003, 1-12. Download PDF.

73. Zhang, X. and Brainard, D. H. (2004). Estimation of saturated pixel values in digital color imaging. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 21, 2301-2310. Download PDF.

72. Zhang, X. and Brainard, D. H. (2004). Bayesian color correction method for non-colorimetric digital image sensors. Proceedings of the 12th IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, 308-314. Download PDF.

71. Delahunt, P. B., & Brainard, D. H. (2004). Color constancy under changes in reflected illumination. Journal of Vision, 4, 764-778, http://journalofvision.org/4/9/8/, doi:10.1167/4.9.8.

70. Ripamonti, C., Bloj, M., Hauck, R., Mitha, K., Greenwald, S., Maloney, S. I., & Brainard, D. H. (2004). Measurements of the effect of surface slant on perceived lightness. Journal of Vision, 4, 747-763, http://journalofvision.org/4/9/7/, doi:10.1167/4.9.7.

69. Bloj, M., Ripamonti, C., Mitha, K., Hauck, R., Greenwald, S., & Brainard, D. H. (2004). An equivalent illuminant model for the effect of surface slant on perceived lightness. Journal of Vision, 4, 735-746, http://journalofvision.org/4/9/6/, doi:10.1167/4.9.6.

68. Brainard, D. H., & Maloney, L. T. (2004). Perception of color and material properties in complex scenes. Journal of Vision, 4, issue 9, ii-iv, http://journalofvision.org/4/9/i/, doi:10.1167/4.9.i. [Feature issue introduction.]

67. Delahunt, P. B. and Brainard, D. H. (2004). Does human color constancy incorporate the statistical regularity of natural daylight? Journal of Vision, 4, 57-81, http://journalofvision.org/4/2/1/, doi:10.1167/4.2.1.

66. Brainard, D. H. (2004). Color constancy. In The Visual Neurosciences, L. Chalupa and J. Werner (eds.), MIT Press, 948-961. Download PDF.

65. Singh, B., Freeman, W. T., and Brainard, D. (2003). Exploiting spatial and spectral image regularities for color constancy. Paper presented at the 3rd Int'l Workshop on Statistical and Computational Theories of Vision, Nice France, October 12, 2003 (http://department.stat.ucla.edu/~yuille/meetings/2003_workshop.php). Download PDF.

64. Brainard, D. H. (2003). Surface color appearance in nearly natural images: commentary on Maloney and Yang. In Colour Perception: Mind and the Physical World, R. Mausfeld and D. Heyer (eds.), Oxford University Press, 359-360.

63. Brainard, D. H., Kraft, J. M., and Longere, P. (2003). Color constancy: developing empirical tests of computational models. In Colour Perception: Mind and the Physical World, R. Mausfeld and D. Heyer (eds.), Oxford University Press, 307-334. Download PDF.

62. Brainard, D. H. (2003). Color appearance and color difference specification. In The Science of Color, 2cd edition, S. K. Shevell (ed.), Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 191-216. Download PDF. Errata: 1) On page 200, the coefficient on B^1/3 for the j coordinate in Eq. 5.2 should be -9.7, rather than the +9.7 that is published. 2) On page 203, Eq. 5.4, the upper expression for L* should be L* = 116(Y/Yn)^1/3-16. The exponent 1/3 is omitted in the published text. In addition, the leading factor in the expression for b* should be 200 rather than 500. 3) In the expression for "deltaH*_94" just above Eq. 5.8, each term inside the radical should be squared.

61. Yamauchi, Y., Williams D. R., Brainard D. H., Roorda, A., Carroll, J., Neitz, M., Neitz, J., Calderone, J. B., Jacobs, G. H. (2002). What determines unique yellow, L/M cone ratio or visual experience? Paper presented at the 9th Congress of the International Colour Association, Proceedings of SPIE, 4421, 275-278. Download PDF.

60. Reese, L. A., Ashby, F. G. and Brainard, D. H. (2002). What makes a categorization task difficult? Perception and Psychophysics, 64, 570-583. Download PDF.

59. Brainard, D. H., Pelli, D.G., and Robson, T. (2002). Display characterization. In the Encylopedia of Imaging Science and Technology. J. Hornak (ed.), Wiley. 172-188. Download PDF.

58. Kraft, J. M., Maloney, S. I., and Brainard, D. H. (2002). Surface-illuminant ambiguity and color constancy: effects of scene complexity and depth cues. Perception, 31, 247-263. Download PDF.

57. Rutherford, M. D. and Brainard, D. H. (2002). Lightness constancy: a direct test of the illumination estimation hypothesis. Psychological Science, 13, 142-149. Download PDF.

56. Longere, P., Delahunt, P. B., Zhang, X., and Brainard, D. H. (2002). Perceptual assessment of demosaicing algorithm performance. Proceedings of the IEEE, 90, 123-132. Download PDF. Supplemental Material.

55. Brainard, D. H. (2001). Color vision theory. In International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (eds.), Elsevier, Oxford, UK, Vol.4, 2256-63. Download PDF.

54. Longere, P. and Brainard, D. H. (2001). Simulation of digital camera images from hyperspectral input. In Vision Models and Applications to Image and Video Processing. C. van den Branden Lambrecht (ed.), Kluwer. 123-150. Download PDF. Supplemental Material.

53. Vora, P.L, Farrell, J. E., Tietz, J. D., and Brainard, D. H. (2001). Image capture: simulation of sensor responses from hyperspectral images. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 10, 307-316. Download PDF.

52. Packer, O., Diller, L.C., Verweij, J., Lee, B.B., Pokorny, J., Williams, D.R., Dacey, D.M., and Brainard, D.H. (2001). Characterization and use of a digital light projector for vision research. Vision Research, 41, 427-439. Download PDF.

51. Delahunt, P.B. & Brainard, D.H. (2000). Control of chromatic adaptation: signals from separate cone classes interact. Vision Research, 40, 2885-2903. Download PDF. Supplemental Material. Erratum published in 2008: Vision Research, 48, 1186.

50. Brainard, D.H. (2000). How to write an effective manuscript review. Optics and Photonics News, June 2000, pp. 42-43. Download PDF.

49. Dacey, D, Packer, O.S., Diller, L., Brainard, D., Peterson, B., and Lee, B. (2000). Center surround receptive field structure of cone bipolar cells in primate retina. Vision Research., 40, 1801-1811. Download PDF.

48. Chen, C.C., Foley, J. M., and Brainard, D. H. (2000). Detection of chromoluminance patterns on chromoluminance pedestals II: Model. Vision Research, 40, 789-803. Download PDF.

47. Chen, C.C., Foley, J. M., and Brainard, D. H. (2000). Detection of chromoluminance patterns on chromoluminance pedestals I: Threshold Measurements. Vision Research, 40, 773-788. Download PDF. Supplemental Material.

46. Brainard, D. H., Roorda, A., Yamauchi, Y. Calderone, J. B., Metha, A., Neitz, M., Neitz, J., Williams, D. R., and Jacobs, G. H. (2000). Functional consequences of the relative numbers of L and M cones. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 17, 607-614. Download PDF. Supplemental Material. Erratum.

45. Brainard, D. H, Calderone, J. B., Nugent, A. K., and Jacobs, G. H. (1999). Flicker ERG responses to stimuli parametrically modulated in color space. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 40, 2840-2847. Download PDF.

44. Speigle, J. M. and Brainard, D. H (1999). Predicting color from gray: the relationship between achromatic adjustment and asymmetric matching, Journal of the Optical Society of America A , 16, 2370-2376. Download PDF.

43. Kraft, J. M. and Brainard, D. H. (1999). Mechanisms of color constancy under nearly natural viewing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA., 96, 307-312. Download PDF.

42. Brainard, D. H. (1999). Color Vision. In the MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive Sciences, R. Wislon and F. Keil (eds.). See http://mitpress.mit.edu/MITECS/.

41. Fleishman, L. J., McClintock, W. J., D'Eath, R. B., Brainard, D. H. and Endler, J. A. (1998). Colour perception and the use of video playback experiments in animal behavior. Animal Behavior, 56, 1035-1040. Download PDF.

40. Brainard, D. H. (1998). Color constancy in the nearly natural image. 2. Achromatic loci. Journal of the Optical Society of America A , 15, 307-325. Download PDF.

39. Vora, P. L., Farrell, J. E., Tietz, J. D., and Brainard, D. H. (1997). Linear models for digital cameras. Proceedings of the 1997 IS&T 50th Annual Conference, (Cambridge, MA, May 18-23, 1997), 377-382. See publication 53 for archival version. Download PDF.

38. Vora, P. L., Harville, M. L., Farrell, J. E., Tietz, J. D., and Brainard, D. H. (1997). Image capture: synthesis of sensor responses from multispectral images. Proceedings of the 1997 IS&T/SPIE Conference on Electronic Imaging, (San Jose, CA, February 10-14, 1997), 3018, 2-11. See publication 53 for archival version. Download PDF.

37. Brainard, D. H., Brunt, W. A., and Speigle, J.M. (1997). Color constancy in the nearly natural image. 1. Asymmetric matches. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 14, 2091-2110. Download PDF.

36. Brainard, D. H. and Freeman, W. T. (1997). Bayesian color constancy. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 14, 1393-1411. Download PDF.

35. Chen, C. C., Foley, J. M. and Brainard, D. H. (1997). Detecting chromatic patterns on chromatic pattern pedestals. IS&T Proceedings: Optics and Imaging in the Information Age, 19-24. See publications 47 and 48 for archival version.

34. Brainard, D. H. (1997). The Psychophysics Toolbox. Spatial Vision, 10, 433-436. Download PDF. Psychtoolbox website.

33. Speigle, J. M. and Brainard, D. H. (1996). Is color constancy task independent? Proceedings of the 4th IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, 167-172. Download PDF.

32. Brainard, D. H. (1996). Cone contrast and opponent modulation color spaces. In Kaiser and Boynton, Human Color Vision, 2cd edition, Optical Society of America, Washington, DC. Download PDF. Errata: 1) On page 571, the expression for Ws-lum,s provided on the top line of the page should not have a leading negative sign. 2) Also on page 571, the row 1 column 3 entry of the matrix given in A.4.8 should be 0, not 1.

31. Speigle, J. M. and Brainard, D. H. (1996). Luminosity thresholds: effects of test chromaticity and ambient illumination. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 13, 436-451. Download PDF.

30. Williams, D. R., Artal, P., Navarro, R., McMahon, M. J. and Brainard, D. H. (1996). Off-axis optical quality and retinal sampling in the human eye.Vision Research, 36, 1104-1114. Download PDF.

29. Brainard, D. H. and Ishigami, K. (1995). Factors influencing the appearance of CRT colors. Proceedings of the 3rd IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, pp. 62-66. Download PDF.

28. Brainard, D. H. and Sherman, D. (1995). Reconstructing images from trichromatic samples: from basic research to practical applications. Proceedings of the 3rd IS&T/SID Color Imaging Conference, Scottsdale, AZ, pp. 4-10. Download PDF.

27. Freeman, W.T. and Brainard D.H. (1995). Bayesian decision theory, the maximum local mass estimate, and color constancy. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Computer Vision., 210-217. Download PDF.

26. Brainard, D.H. (1995). Colorimetry. In OSA Handbook of Optics: Volume 1. Fundamentals, Techniques, and Design, M. Bass (ed), McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York. 26.1-26.54. Download PDF. See publication 91 above for an updated and expanded version of this chapter.

25. Williams, D.R. Brainard, D.H., McMahon, M., and Navarro, R. (1994). Double pass and interferometric measures of the optical quality of the human eye. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 11, 3123-3135. Download PDF.

24. Williams, D.R., McMahon, M, Brainard, D.H., and Navarro, R. (1994). Comparison of noninvasive measures of the optical quality of the eye. Proceedings of the OSA Topical Meeting: Vision Science and its Applications. Digest Series, 2 (1994), 68-71. See publication 25 for archival version.

23. Brainard, D.H. (1994). Bayesian method for reconstructing color images from trichromatic samples. Proceedings of the IS&T 47th Annual Meeting, Rochester, NY, 375-380. Download PDF.

22. Brainard, D.H. and Freeman, W.T. (1994). Bayesian method for recovering surface and illuminant properties from photoreceptor responses. Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on Human Vision, Visual Processing, and Display V, 2179, 364-376. See publications 27 and 36 for archival version.

21. Williams, D.R., Sekiguchi, N., and Brainard, D.H. (1993). Color, contrast sensitivity, and the cone mosaic. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 90, 9770-9777. Download PDF.

20. Sekiguchi, N., Williams, D.R., and Brainard, D.H. (1993). Efficiency for detecting isolumiant and isochromatic interference fringes. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 10, 2118-2133. Download PDF.

19. Sekiguchi, N., Williams, D.R., and Brainard, D.H. (1993). Aberration-free measurements of the visibility of isoluminant gratings. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 10, 2105-2117. Download PDF.

18. Brainard, D.H., Wandell, B.A., and Chichilnisky, E. J. (1993). Color constancy: from physics to appearance. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 2, 165-170. Download PDF.

17. Brainard, D.H. (1993). Perceptual variability as a fundamental axiom of perceptual science: comments on Ashby and Lee. In Foundations of Perceptual Theory, S. C. Masin (ed), Elsevier Science Publishers. Download PDF.

16. Brainard, D.H. and Williams, D.R. (1992). Spatial reconstruction of signals from short-wavelength cones. Vision Research, 33, 105-116. Download PDF.

15. Sekiguchi, N. Williams, D.R. and Brainard, D.H. (1992) Contrast sensitivity for isoluminant and isochromatic interference fringes.Optical Society of America Topical Meeting: Advances in Color Vision. Digest Series, 4 (1992), 72-73. See publications 19, 20, and 21 for archival version.

14. Brainard, D.H. and Williams, D.R. (1992). Spatial reconstruction of signals from short-wavelength cones. Optical Society of America Topical Meeting: Advances in Color Vision. Digest Series, 4 (1992), 211-213. See publication 16 for archival version.

13. Brainard, D.H. and Wandell, B.A. (1992). Asymmetric color matching: how color appearance depends on the illuminant. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 9, 1433-1448. Download PDF.

12. Williams, D.R., Sekiguchi, N., Haake, W., Brainard, D.H., and Packer O. (1991). The cost of trichromacy for spatial vision. In Advances in Understanding VisualProcesses: Convergence of Neurophysiological and Psychophysical Evidence, Lee, B. and Valberg, A. (ed.), Plenum Press. Download PDF.

11. Brainard, D.H. and Wandell, B.A. (1991). A bilinear model of the illuminant's effect on color appearance. In Computational Models of Visual Processing, Landy, M. and Movshon, J. A. (eds.), MIT Press. Download PDF.

10. Brainard, D.H. and Wandell, B.A. (1991). Evaluation of CIE Luv and CIE Lab as perceptual image representations. Society for Information Display International Symposium Technical Digest, 22, 799-801. Download PDF.

9. Brainard, D.H. and Wandell, B.A. (1990). The effect of the illuminant on color appearance. Proceedings of the SPIE/SPSE Symposium on Electronic Imaging, 1250, 119-130. See publications 11 and 13 for archival version.

8. Poirson, A.B., Wandell, B.A., Varner, D. and Brainard, D.H. (1990). Surface characterizations of color thresholds. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 7, 783-789. Download PDF.

7. Brainard, D.H. (1990). Calibrated color image processing. Proceedings of SPSE's 43rd Annual Conference, 171-173. See publication 6 for archival version.

6. Brainard, D.H. and Wandell, B.A. (1990). Calibrated processing of image color. Color Research and Application, 15, 266-271. Download PDF.

5. Brainard, D.H. (1989). Letter to the editor. Color Research and Application, 15, 270. See also publication 3. Download PDF.

4. Wandell, B.A. and Brainard, D.H. (1989). Towards cross-media color reproduction. Proceedings of the OSA Applied Vision Topical Meeting, San Francisco, CA. Download PDF.

3. Brainard, D.H., Wandell, B.A., and Cowan, W. (1989). Black light: how sensors filter spectral variations of the illuminant. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 36, 140-149. Download PDF. Erratum published in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 36, 572. See also related letter to the editor, publication 5.

2. Brainard, D.H. (1989). Calibration of a computer controlled color monitor. Color Research and Application, 14, 23-34. Download PDF

1. Brainard, D.H. and Wandell, B.A. (1986). Analysis of the retinex theory of color vision. Journal of the Optical Society of America A, 3, 1651-1661. Reprinted in Color (Physics-based Vision/ Principles and Practice), Healey, G.E., Shafer, S. A. and Wollf, L.B. (eds.), Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, MA, 1992. Download PDF.

Patents

1. Zhang, X. and Brainard, D. H. (2004). Method and apparatus for estimating true color values for saturated color values in digitally captured image data. US Patent 6,731,794. Issued May 4, 2004.

Reports (reverse chronological order)

6.Radonjić, A., Broussard, C. G., Brainard, D. H. (2011). Characterizing and controlling the spectral output of an HDR display. Brainard Lab Technical Report 2011-1. Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Download PDF.

5. Vora, P. L., Farrell, J. E., Tietz, J. D., and Brainard, D. H. (1998). Image Capture: Modelling and calibration of sensor responses and their synthesis from multispectral images. Hewlett-Packard Laboratory Technical Report, Number HPL-98-187. Download (postscript/PDF). See publication 53 for archival version.

4. Vora, P. L., Farrell, J. E., Tietz, J. D., and Brainard, D. H. (1997). Digital color cameras. 2. Spectral response. Hewlett-Packard Laboratory Technical Report, Number HPL-97-54. Download (postscript/PDF). See publication 53 for archival version.

3. Vora, P. L., Farrell, J. E., Tietz, J. D., and Brainard, D. H. (1997). Digital color cameras. 1. Response models. Hewlett-Packard Laboratory Technical Report, Number HPL-97-53. Download (postscript/PDF). See publication 53 for archival version.

2. Brainard, D.H. (1995). An ideal observer for appearance: reconstruction from samples. UCSB Vision Labs Tech Report 95-1, Department of Psychology, UC Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA. Download PDF.

1. Brainard, D.H. and Wandell, B.A. (1989). The color analysis package. Stanford Applied Psychology Laboratory Report, 89-3.

Theses Supervised (reverse chronological order)

11. M. Spitschan (2016). Melanopsin sensitivity in the human visual system. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania.  See publications 118, 119, and 128. Co-advised with Geoffrey Aguirre.

10. T. Y. Lee (2012). Integration and segregation in audition and vision. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania.  See publications 100 and 113. Audition work supervised by Virginia Richards.

9. S. C. Madigan (2011). The effect of object orientation on lightness representation. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania. See publication 112.

8. B. Xiao (2009). Color perception and constancy of objects in 3D complex scenes. Ph.D. Thesis, Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Pennsylvania. See publications 85 and 104.

7. L. Yin (2008).  Retinal processing of achromatic and chromatic signals in guinea pig along the dual gradient in cone opsin expression.  Ph.D. Thesis, Neuroscience Graduate Program, University of Pennsylvania. See publications 78 and 87. Co-advised with Peter Sterling.

6. P. B. Delahunt (2001). An evaluation of color constancy across illumination and mutual reflection changes. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Psychology, UC Santa Barbara. See publications 67 and 71.

5. M. D. Rutherford (2000). The role of illumination perception in color constancy. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Psychology, UC Santa Barbara. See publication 57.

4. C. C. Chen (1996). Chromatic pattern vision mechanisms: masking experiments and divisive inhibition models. Ph.D. Thesis. Department of Psychology, UC Santa Barbara. See publications 47 and 48. Co-advised with John Foley.

3. J. M. Speigle (1998). Testing whether a common representation explains the effect of viewing context on color appearance. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Psychology, UC Santa Barbara. See publication 44.

2. P. B. Egan (1998). The relationship between lightness and color appearance: are context effects calculated independently for each cone type? Master Thesis. Department of Psychology, UC Santa Barbara. See publication 51.

1. W. A. Brunt (1996). Simultaneous color constancy measured using asymmetric color matching under naturalistic conditions. Master Thesis. Department of Psychology, UC Santa Barbara. See publication 37.

Online Presentations, Media Mentions, Media/Film Appearances

Brainard, D. H., Jiang, H., Cottaris, N. P., Rieke, F., Chichilnisky, E. J., Farrell, J. E., Wandell, B. A., ISETBIO: Computational toolx for modelling early human vision, Talk presented at OSA Image Systems and Applications, 2015, Arlington VA. Watch (click on the Suppl. Mat (1) button).

Brainard's research featured in UPenn School of Arts and Sciences Frontiers, 2015.

Brainard interviewed about "the dress" (Spring 2015): Refinery29ABC, CBS (name misspecified as David Maynard), New York Times, The Guardian.

Brainard receives a 2014 Stein Innovation Award from Research to Prevent Blindness.  News release.  Penn Almanac.

Brainard interviewed as part of the NPR story on color, 2014.

Our work on melanopsin and S-cone opponency in the pupil response is covered in this article on newsworks.org, 2014.  Also in this Penn press release.

Brainard lab research mentioned in this article in The Scientist, 2014.

Brainard appointed as the innaugural RRL Professor of Psychology, 2014

Feature on research on clinical color imaging in SAS Frontiers, 2013.

Abrams teaching award citation, 2013.

Guest on NPR's Please Explain: Emotion and Color, The Leonard Lopate Show, February 20, 2009. Listen.

Understanding the Appearance of Small Spot Colors. Cambridge Research Systems Lecture, Vision Meeting of the UK Colour Group, January 12, 2006, London. Watch. [This work is published as: Brainard, D. H., Williams, D. R., & Hofer, H. (2008). Trichromatic reconstruction from the interleaved cone mosaic: Bayesian model and the color appearance of small spots. Journal of Vision, 8(5):15, 1-23, http://journalofvision.org/8/5/15/, doi:10.1167/8.5.15.]

Played part of Samuel Allison.  Fat Man and Little Boy  (1989.  Paramount Pictures.  Directed by R. Joffe.  Starring P. Newman, J. Cusak). [IMDB incorrectly lists a different David M. Brainard, who is a professional actor, for this part; it was, however, David H. Brainard the professor who played the role.]

Numbers

Erdos: 4

Bacon: 2

Neurotree

David H. Brainard's Neurotree